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World Health Report calls for return to primary health care approach

The World Health Report 2008, launched on 14 October, critically assesses the way that health care is organized, financed, and delivered in rich and poor countries around the world. The WHO report documents a number of failures and shortcomings that have left the health status of different populations, both within and between countries, dangerously out of balance. The World Health Report sets out a way to tackle inequities and inefficiencies in health care, and its recommendations need to be heeded, said WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan at the launch of the report in Almaty, Kazakhstan. A world that is greatly out of balance in matters of health is neither stable nor secure.

A Policy for the development of a District Health System For South Africa: executive summary

Published by: 
Department of Health (South Africa)
The challenge facing the South African health system is to be part of a comprehensive programme to redress social and econoniic injustices, and to ensure that emphasis Is placed on health and not just on medical care.

Lesbian health: more than screening for breast cancer and mental health

Series Name: 
Nursing Update
Published by: 
Democratic Nursing Organisation of South Africa
The focus this month for Nursing Update is breast cancer and mental health. Last month I noted that in the continuum of womens health, lesbian health has essentially been left off the agenda. In my training, if one thing was mentioned about lesbian health it was around breast cancer and that lesbians and nuns were vulnerable! (those who may not breast feed before the age of 35). While nuns might not have sex, lesbians certainly do have sex. The other remnant of my training was that gays and lesbians may need mental healthcare!

An Investigation into the effect of the baby friendly hospital initiative on exclusive breastfeeding in a rural area

Published by: 
University of Natal
At the 1990 World Summit for Children, it was stated that more than a million infant deaths could have been avoided if infants had been exclusively breastfed for six months (UNICEF, 1995). Three of the four most important threats to survival of children in South Africa are diarrhoeal disease, acute respiratory infection, and malnutrition (UNICEF, 1993). Failure to breastfeed has been linked to all these health problems.

Unlocking care: a research report on care and care learning

Published by: 
Health Systems Trust
In this project our main aim is to make a contribution to a caring attitude within the health sector, with reference to the training of health workers. Thus far there have been two distinct phases. In the first phase a literature review was completed. The second phase, involved a process of fieldwork. Initially it was envisaged that this fieldwork phase would use experimental methods. It became clear that these methods were not appropriate to meeting our aim necessitating a change in methods.

Why do HIV positive TB patients fail to complete treatment more frequently than HIV negative TB patients?

Published by: 
Medical Research Council
The aim of the study was to describe the health seeking behaviour of HIV positive patients with TB. the research question was: Why do HIV + TB patients fail to complete treatment more frequently than HIV-TB patients?

HealthLink electronic information resources catalogue

Published by: 
Health Systems Trust
There is an ubundance of health information in South Africa. Information providers such as medical libraries, statutory councils, university departments, government and non-government organisations have a wealth of information. However health workers, particularly those in rural areas, are often remote from these information sources. Consequently, health workers still find difficulty in understanding developments in health care, making clinical and management decisions or building intersectoral partnerships.

WHO bans SA manufactured generics

The World Health Organization on Monday warned customers not to buy drugs made by Swiss pharma giant Novartis's Sandoz generics unit in South Africa after an inspection revealed more than 40 faults. AFP reported that the WHO said it had sent an official Notice of Concern letter to Sandoz on September 12 after an inspection of the unit's Kempton Park factory in South Africa.

Policy on TB remains unchanged, says Health

The Department of Health says its policy on the treatment of Tuberculosis patients, especially those who have Multi-Drug Resistant TB (MDR-TB) and Extreme-Drug Resistant (XDR-TB), will not be changed in any way.

Lack of medical workers plagues developing countries

When her baby turned blue, Nivetha Biju rushed the child to the emergency room of an Indian hospital and watched helplessly as the baby lost consciousness because the nurses on duty had no idea what to do. Eventually a doctor saved the baby's life, but many patients are not so lucky in India and in other developing countries where a scarcity of doctors and trained nurses means there is often no helping hand in times of need. Health systems [in developing countries] are on the brink of collapse due to the lack of skilled personnel, said Ezekiel Nukuro, an official with the World Health Organization. In some countries, deaths from preventable diseases are rising and life expectancy is dropping, he said.