Action on the social determinants of health (SDH) is relevant for reducing health inequalities. This is particularly the case for South Africa (SA) with its very high level of income inequality and inequalities in health and health outcomes. This paper provides evidence on the key SDH for reducing health inequalities in the country using a framework initially developed by the World Health Organization.
The National Department of Health has identified maternal health care as a priority area requiring urgent action in South Africa. This is in line with the target to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as we as the targets set in our National Development Plan (NDP).
- prevention of NCDs and promotion of health and wellness at individual,
- 6.3 million people in South Africa were living with HIV;
- About 9.6 million HIV tests were conducted;
- About 680,000 people were started on antiretrovirals (ARVs);
- About 3.1 million people in total were on ARVs provided by about 3,600 health facilities;
- The country distributed about 712 million mal
South Africa: Women of lower socio-economic status have greater needs for services to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission
There is growing concern worldwide about the increase in workplace violence. The purpose of the study is to obtain information on the level of workplace violence in the health sector in South Africa. In particular this study examines the extent of workplace violence, factors that may contribute to violence and explore the most suitable strategies and appropriate policies to prevent and address violence in the workplace.
South Africa: Lower coverage of maternal HIV testing among adolescents leading to higher mother-to-child transmission
Worldwide, the youth are faced by greater health risks including physical and psychological trauma from sexual abuse, gender-based violence and other forms of accidents. They still face substantial challenges such as high unemployment rates, high HIV infection rates and a number of them heading households (UNFPA, 2015). They also have risks such as sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies and other related complications (United Nations, 2015).