AFRICA

Explaining the role of the social determinants of health on health inequality in South Africa

Published by: 
Global Health Action

Action on the social determinants of health (SDH) is relevant for reducing health inequalities. This is particularly the case for South Africa (SA) with its very high level of income inequality and inequalities in health and health outcomes. This paper provides evidence on the key SDH for reducing health inequalities in the country using a framework initially developed by the World Health Organization.

Guidelines for Maternity Care in South Africa

Published by: 
Department of Health (South Africa)

The National Department of Health has identified maternal health care as a priority area requiring urgent action in South Africa. This is in line with the target to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as we as the targets set in our National Development Plan (NDP).

Trends in risk factors for non-communicable diseases in South Africa

Published by: 
Health Systems Trust
In June 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) South Africa Country Office reported that about two out of five deaths are related to non-communicable disease (NCD), which can be attributed to high prevalence of major risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and high salt intake, obesity and physical inactivity.1 In an effort to combat this trend, the South African National Department of Health has developed a Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) 2013-172 that has prioritised the goal of reducing NCD morbidity, mortality and related risk factors by implementing the following three major components:
  1. prevention of NCDs and promotion of health and wellness at individual,

Programmes Officer

Employer: 
Mandela Institute for Development Studies
Closing Date: 
14 August 2015
The Mandela Institute for Development Studies (MINDS) is a continental institute that seeks to address the short, medium, and long-term development challenges in Africa in a holistic and comprehensive manner.
 
The mission for MINDS is to provide a forum for dialogue, information dissemination and networking, underpinned by rigorous research on different elements of "Africaness" in order to inform and influence policy and practice on governance, economic development and the evolution of African institutions.
 
MINDS seeks to appoint a Programmes Officer based in Johannesburg.
 
The Programmes Officer who will be responsible for assisting the Programme

Fact sheet: South Africa’s HIV programme by numbers

A new fact sheet details the achievements of South Africa’s HIV programme, which initiated more than 600,000 people on antiretroviral treatment in 2014/15.
 
Distributed at the SA AIDS Conference, this one-page fact sheet summarises South Africa’s HIV programme as of 1 June 2015.
 
In the 2014/15 financial year:
  • 6.3 million people in South Africa were living with HIV;
  • About 9.6 million HIV tests were conducted;
  • About 680,000 people were started on antiretrovirals (ARVs);
  • About 3.1 million people in total were on ARVs provided by about 3,600 health facilities;
  • The country distributed about 712 million mal

South Africa: Women of lower socio-economic status have greater needs for services to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission

Pregnant women of lower socio-economic status are more likely to take up early HIV testing and to have HIV-exposed infants, according to findings of a study presented by Nobubelo Ngandu at the 7th South African AIDS conference last month in Durban.
 
There was a significant difference in the proportion of infants that were HIV-exposed (infants born to HIV-positive women), according to socio-economic status.

Workplace violence in the health sector - country case study: South Africa

Published by: 
World Health Organization

There is growing concern worldwide about the increase in workplace violence. The purpose of the study is to obtain information on the level of workplace violence in the health sector in South Africa. In particular this study examines the extent of workplace violence, factors that may contribute to violence and explore the most suitable strategies and appropriate policies to prevent and address violence in the workplace.

South Africa: Lower coverage of maternal HIV testing among adolescents leading to higher mother-to-child transmission

Adolescents have lower coverage of HIV testing and subsequent prevention of mother-to-child (PMTCT) services and significantly higher early vertical transmission rates compared with adults, according to findings from three South African national surveys, presented by Trisha Ramraj at the 7th South African AIDS conference last month in Durban.
 
The surveys also found that there was a significant reduction in early MTCT in pregnant women who were 20 years and older, but not in pregnant women who were younger than 20 years old.

Morbidity and mortality patterns among the youth of South Africa, 2013

Published by: 
Statistics South Africa

Worldwide, the youth are faced by greater health risks including physical and psychological trauma from sexual abuse, gender-based violence and other forms of accidents. They still face substantial challenges such as high unemployment rates, high HIV infection rates and a number of them heading households (UNFPA, 2015). They also have risks such as sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies and other related complications (United Nations, 2015).

Crisis? What crisis? Africa Check tests Free State health claims

With last year's provincial medical services data now available, Africa Check questions the Free State health's assertions of "significant progress".
 
When doctors working in Free State government hospitals went public with a damning whistle-blower’s account in February, the provincial government’s spokesperson, Mondli Mvambi, responded by saying that the health system was “not collapsing”.
 
In a statement issued by Mvambi – and Makalo Mohale, who is the spokesperson for the Free State’s health MEC, Benny Malakoane – several claims about the health department’s “significant progress” were made.