In Kenya, Tanzania and Namibia just 46% of HIV-positive women and 28% of HIV-positive men have discussed family planning with a health care provider, delegates were told at the International AIDS Society conference in Rome last week.
This report presents new 2012 estimates of the numbers and proportions of women in the developing world using modern methods and in need of modern contraception, as well as the cost and impact of meeting this need. The 2012 Adding It Up estimates are comparable to those from the 2009 report and will therefore enable us to assess progress between 2008 and 2012. The estimates presented here incorporate the most recent available survey data on need for and use of contraception and updated 2012 estimates of the direct costs of providing contraceptive services. They also draw on updated estimates of pregnancies and maternal deaths.
Programmatic and research considerations for hormonal contraception for women at risk of HIV and women living with HIV
Between 31 January and 2 February 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened a meeting of experts to discuss recent research on use of hormonal contraception by women at high risk of HIV and those currently living with HIV and its implications. The Technical Consultation brought together 75 participants from 18 countries; 18 agencies were represented. The multidisciplinary group comprised experts in international family planning and HIV, including clinicians, epidemiologists, researchers, programme managers, policy-makers, guideline methodologists, reproductive biologists and pharmacologists, HIV advocates, and women’s health advocates.
The number of abortions among women older than 18 has increased steadily in the Western Cape in the past two years, according to Health MEC Theuns Botha.
Responding recently in the legislature on the impact that illegal abortions have on public health care facilities, Botha said such abortions continued to take place, despite the service that was offered at more than 30 health care centres in the province.
While health care facilities had treated a number of women with complications arising from illegal abortions, Botha said it was difficult to say how many cases there had been as those known to the department were only of women who volunteered the information during treatment.
South Africa's Health Department has "failed women" by not making it easy to access contraception, said Dr Eddie Mhlanga, the department's head of Maternal Child and Women's Health.
He was speaking in Parktown, Johannesburg, on Thursday evening on why South Africa was not on course to meet the United Nations Millennium Development Goals to reduce maternal mortality rates by three-quarters and provide universal reproductive healthcare to women by 2015.