This report outlines experience with ART in a number of sub-Saharan countries. ART is provided through a number of different avenues, which include the public sector, the non-profit sector, the corporate sector and the private sector. ART programmes may involve collaboration between two or more sectors with such partnerships being encouraged in recognition that the magnitude of the task may exceed the capacity of any one sector. Particular attention is paid to Botswana, the first sub-Saharan country to provide ART on a wide-scale through the public sector.
Case Study Reports on Implementation and Expansion of the PMTCT Programme in the Nine Provinces of South Africa
Implementation of a pilot programme for the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV commenced in early 2001 in South Africa following a National government decision in late 2000. A total of 18 pilot sites, two in each of the 9 Provinces, were selected using broad criteria including high HIV prevalence, representation of urban and rural health services, and primary and secondary level facilities. These served as research and learning sites to assess the feasibility of implementing this programme more widely.