Since the 2009 Lancet Health in South Africa Series, important changes have occurred in the country, resulting in an
increase in life expectancy to 60 years. Historical injustices together with the disastrous health policies of the previous
administration are being transformed. The change in leadership of the Ministry of Health has been key, but new
momentum is inhibited by stasis within the health management bureaucracy. Specific policy and programme changes
are evident for all four of the so-called colliding epidemics: HIV and tuberculosis; chronic illness and mental health;
injury and violence; and maternal, neonatal, and child health. South Africa now has the world’s largest programme of
Home and community-based care (HCBC) has emerged as a way to provide cost-effective and compassionate care to people living with HIV (PLHIV) and those affected by the epidemic. HCBC organisations provide integrated services which address the basic needs of those infected and affected such as food, shelter, healthcare, protection from abuse and malnutrition. The main objective of the study was to conduct an audit of HCBC organisations in South Africa in order to provide the Government with empirical information on their existence, distribution, services and challenges. The primary approach to this task was to conduct a telephonic audit of organisations rendering HCBC services.
The aim of this study was to assess the information on primary health care infrastructure available at provincial level.
In an attempt to measure in part the progress (or lack of progress) towards equity one step would be to measure the quality of service provision at the community (primary care) level. This would give an overview of the disparities between as well as in provinces, and between rural, urban and peri-urban parts of the country.