The ART guidelines deal with Fixed Dose Combinations medications and introduces fixed dose combination (FDC) ART for patients initiated with ART for the first time; introduce FDC ART for HIV positive pregnant women irrespective of CD4 count during pregnancy and during the breastfeeding period; phased introduction of FDC to patients with other co-morbidities (diabetes, hypertension and respiratory diseases, including TB); phased introduction of FDC to patients who require switching due to drugs toxicity or switching from Stavudine (d4T) based regime and phased introduction of FDC to patients who are stable of ART and VL suppressed.
It is my pleasure to introduce the third edition of the Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List for Hospital Level. This edition marks the culmination of an intense and thorough review process.
The Standard Treatment Guidelines have been aligned with current developments in medicine and scientifi c advances. Clinical evidence was used in the selection of medicines. In addition, prevailing medicine cost, affordability, as well as practice implications were taken into consideration. Furthermore, harmonisation with priority guidelines within the Department of Health has also been attained.
This report provides information by country on the proportion of adult (age 30 years and above) deaths attributable to tobacco by major communicable and non-communicable causes by age and sex. It builds and is consistent with the global estimate provided in WHO’s 2009 report entitled Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks.
This report presents the methods and findings of a qualitative study of the experiences of patients taking medication for HIV infection as part of an antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme in five sites in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa. The study, known as the ADHERE Project, was designed by MEASURE Evaluation and implemented in collaboration with Health Systems Trust to provide information to the KwaZulu-Natal Department of Health for use in expanding and improving their ART services.
Lessons for the implementation of the Essential Drugs Programme within districts.Nurses are the frontline health providers for most people in South Africa today. Many nurses feel ill-equipped for their new role as clinical nursing practitioners. At the same time, clinics often experience shortages of medicines. A process of training and support is needed to ensure that medicines are prescribed and dispensed in a rational and cost-efficient manner.