This year's report lays out a three-part, science-based agenda for ending the AIDS epidemic in our lifetimes and synthesizes the actions needed across the spectrum of existing, emerging and long-term biomedical HIV prevention tools that could change the AIDS response forever. As you will see, we have tried to capture the need to deliver, demonstrate and develop (and combine) across a range of prevention options.
The purpose of this work is to assist South Africa in improving its HIV prevention response. In 2011, the South African government has the challenging task to draw up a new 5-year strategy: the National HIV Strategic Plan 2012 to 2016. This plan is to provide strategic direction on how to respond to HIV and AIDS in South Africa in the next five years. With the annual rate of new HIV infections down to the level of the early 1990s, a slower spread of HIV infection in teenagers, ARV provision at high levels, and promising new HIV prevention tools becoming available, these five years represent a window of opportunity to radically turn around the epidemic by significantly putting the brakes on new infections in the country.