There is widespread consensus that providing universal, sustainable, affordable and quality health services underpins efforts to achieve equitable health outcomes. UNICEF in 2010-2011 conducted a two-phase landscape analysis, funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, to investigate how health insurance and other social health protection mechanisms contribute to achieving universal health coverage (UHC). The work built on previous research examining the protection from impoverishment that health insurance provides to vulnerable groups, the potential for increasing and expanding insurance coverage, and the options for and constraints limiting the use of insurance to attain UHC.
In January 2010 at the World Economic Forum, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation launched the Decade of Vaccines by pledging $10 billion over the next 10 years to support worldwide efforts to develop and deliver vaccines to the world’s poorest countries. The foundation also challenged other global partners to demonstrate their continuing commitment and, in so doing, to dramatically reduce child mortality by the end of the decade. This is a tremendous opportunity for transforming global health and could have significant consequences for child survival while expanding the impact of vaccines across the lifespan, but there is no easy formula for success.