Sexually transmitted disease
Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections for sex workers in low- and middle- income countries
The World Health Organization (WHO) in partnership with UNFPA, UNAIDS, and the Global Network of Sex Work Projects, have developed new guidelines to better protect sex workers from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Sex workers in many places are highly vulnerable to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to multiple factors, including large numbers of sex partners, unsafe working conditions and barriers to the negotiation of consistent condom use. Moreover, sex workers often have little control over these factors because of social marginalization and criminalized work environments. Alcohol, drug use and violence in some settings may further exacerbate their vulnerability and risk.
Male and female condoms are currently the only effective dual protection methods against unintended pregnancy and the transmission of STIs and HIV. In recent years, an important development has been the emergence of new FC products, differing in design and materials, that have the potential to lower cost, improve acceptability and increase choice and options for couples who choose to use FCs as their prevention method. The purpose of this meeting was to develop strategies, recommendations and guidelines for future female condom (FC) parallel programming. This meeting presented an update on FC product technology, shared experiences and plans for FC programming and reviewed current FC programmes and initiatives that will support FC programming more broadly.
South Africa's Strategic Plan for AIDS, STIs and TB. The plan’s target is that by 2016 80% of people are on ARV treatment, that deaths from TB have been halved, and that new HIV infections are cut by 50%. This plan is unique, because millions of people’s lives depend on its successful implementation. Already there are over a million people on treatment. By the time the plan is complete that number must be three million.
This Annual Report of the Health Systems Trust (HST) reflects an extensive programme of research and development initiatives during the 2004/05 financial year, responding to priority health needs in South Africa and the broader SADC region.The following four strategic areas received particular attention during this year:
i. the supply and distribution of human resources in the public health sector