South African government
Development and application of benchmarks for budgeting of non-negotiable goods and services for provincial departments of health.
South Africa has the highest burden of HIV/AIDS in the world, with 5.6 million people living with the virus and over 400,000 newly infected annually. Since 2004, the U.S. government has committed more than $4 billion to combating HIV/AIDS in South Africa—the largest U.S. investment in HIV/AIDS worldwide. Continued progress in controlling HIV/AIDS in South Africa, the epicenter of the pandemic, is pivotal to sustained progress against the disease worldwide.
The purpose of this work is to assist South Africa in improving its HIV prevention response. In 2011, the South African government has the challenging task to draw up a new 5-year strategy: the National HIV Strategic Plan 2012 to 2016. This plan is to provide strategic direction on how to respond to HIV and AIDS in South Africa in the next five years. With the annual rate of new HIV infections down to the level of the early 1990s, a slower spread of HIV infection in teenagers, ARV provision at high levels, and promising new HIV prevention tools becoming available, these five years represent a window of opportunity to radically turn around the epidemic by significantly putting the brakes on new infections in the country.
HIV/AIDS is affecting everyone in South Africa. There are many organisations and individuals working hard to fight the spread of the virus. In 2000 the South African government introduced a programme offering prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services at 18 pilot sites.
The programme is an important part of the country s response to the epidemic. This booklet provides some basic facts about the effects of the medicine, Nevirapine, and formula feeding in a PMTCT programme. It then goes on to summarise the interim findings of an evaluation of the pilot sites.