Johns Hopkins University

Costs keep cancer drugs out of developing countries

High cancer drug prices are keeping even old treatments out of patients’ hands in countries like South Africa, Brazil and India.

For example, US children living with cancer have a ten-year survival rate of 75 percent. About four decades ago, not more than 25 percent of children with the condition were still alive ten years after being diagnosed.

However, these benefits are not being felt by patients in lower and middle income countries (LMICs), like South Africa, due to the exponential increase in the cost of new cancer treatments and limited access to cancer therapies.

First nurses trained to initiate MDR-TB treatment

South Africa will increasingly move towards nurse-initiated treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in the next five years, and a programme in KwaZulu-Natal Province, which has a high HIV/TB burden, is already training nurses to manage MDR-TB patients.

Faced with a chronic shortage of doctors, South Africa moved to nurse-initiated antiretroviral treatment (NiMart) in April 2010. Now, government plans to roll out nurse-initiated MDR-TB treatment, and to make it and NiMart available at all primary healthcare, antenatal, TB and mobile outreach clinics by 2016, according to the National Strategic Plan on HIV, STIs [sexually transmitted infections] and TB.

ReproLine(r): Reproductive Health Online

ReproLine was developed by JHPIEGO, an affiliate of Johns Hopkins University. JHPIEGO, a nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the health of women and families throughout the world, works to increase the number of qualified health professionals trained in modern reproductive healthcare, especially family planning. ReproLine was developed to provide all JHPIEGO trainers continued contact with JHPIEGO, support for their training activities and tools for their professional development. Everything on the ReproLine site is provided to support the needs of trainers in their many roles.

The Communication Initiative

THE COMMUNICATION INITIATIVE is a partnership between The Rockefeller Foundation, UNICEF, USAID, The CHANGE Project, WHO, BBC World Service, CIDA, Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs, The European Union, Soul City, The Panos Institute, UNAIDS. It includes information, ideas, linkages and dialogue on communication, development and change (including some coverage of health and development).

AIDS virus hides quickly inside babies' blood

Drug-resistant versions of the AIDS virus passed from mother to child can quickly hide in the infant's immune system cells and lurk for years, researchers reported on Monday.

Experts test drugs that fight neuroAIDS

It's an Achilles' heel of HIV therapy: The AIDS virus can sneak into the brain to cause dementia, despite today's best medicines. Now scientists are beginning to test drugs that may protect against the memory loss and other symptoms of so-called neuroAIDS, which afflicts at least one in five people with HIV and is becoming more common as patients live longer.