United Nations Development Programme
In 1988, less than half of Brazil's population had health coverage, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). But by 2008, it estimated that 75% were covered.
By the early 2000s, nearly a decade ahead of schedule, Thailand had beaten or was on track to meet all of its millennium development goals, according to the United Nations Development Programme. The millennium development goals are eight international targets supported by United Nations member states to be achieved by 2015.
Rwanda government figures show that in less than two decades the country's life expectancy improved from 30 to 55 years.
This paper offers two unique contributions. The !rst is a typology of multisectoral action on NCDs that highlights three general
categories of possible action outside the health sector: expanding delivery platforms; NCD-speci!c actions on social determinants; and NCD-sensitive actions on social determinants.
Using Law to Accelerate Treatment Access in South Africa: An Analysis of Patent, Competition and Medicines Law
This study focuses on policy options available to South Africa through reform of three interrelated areas of law affecting access to HIV treatment and other essential medicines: patent, competition and medicines law. The recommended reforms are aimed at safeguarding public health by optimizing the use of public health related TRIPS (the agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) flexibilities and therefore, the policy space available to countries within their international legal obligations at the World Trade Organisation (WTO). Potential drawbacks and challenges are highlighted, as are strategies for adoption that draw on the experiences of other low- and middle-income countries.
The strategy elaborates UNDP's response to address social, cultural and economic determinants of HIV and Health. UNDP has an important role in supporting health outcomes by helping countries to address the social, cultural and economic determinants of HIV and health, in partnership with UN system and other organizations. This is done through UNDP’s core work in strengthening governance, institutions and management capacity and in improving aid coordination and effectiveness. UNDP also contributes through its coordinating and convening role in bringing together multiple partners and resources at national and local levels.
The 2012 Human Development Report for Africa explores why dehumanizing hunger remains pervasive in the region, despite abundant agricultural resources, a favorable growing climate, and rapid economic growth rates. It also emphasizes that food security – the ability to consistently acquire enough calories and nutrients for a healthy and productive life - is essential for human development.
Progress in health and development in the poorest countries is in serious danger if the world does not make a concerted effort to reduce inequities, protect the environment and promote sustainability. This is the stark warning highlighted in the 2011 Human Development Report, launched on Wednesday by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
South Africa may be on track to achieve five of its eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015, but serious problems in health and education, if not attended to soon, may hold the country back from becoming a more prosperous society. Stephen Timm reports.
The goals that South Africa looks likely to meet are eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal access to primary education, empowering women, ensuring environmental sustainability and developing a global partnership for development.
South Africa is falling behind emerging countries such as Malaysia and Brazil, which have already achieved six and four of their MDGs respectively.
The MDG Report 2011 highlights development successes, and says many are due in part to continued economic growth in some developing countries and targeted efforts in critical MDG areas, such as health. Increased funding from many sources, it says, has expanded key programmes, such as treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS. “Achieving the goals will require equitable and inclusive economic growth — growth that reaches everyone and that will enable all people, especially the poor and marginalized, to benefit from economic opportunities.” the Secretary-General said. “Between now and 2015, we must make sure that promises made become promises kept.
Human Development Report 2007/2008: Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world. New York: UNDP; 2007.