Population Reference Bureau

PRB is dedicated to providing timely, objective information on US and international population trends. They inform policymakers, the media, and concerned citizens working in the public interest about the demographic trends that shape our world.

Africas infertility rate in the spotlight

Africas highest fertility rate in the world is routinely seen as problematic, yet its infertility rate, also the highest globally, gets scant attention in spite of the huge consequent risk of HIV infection.

U.N. Reports Lack of Data on Women in Poverty

Rock stars, movie actresses and heads of state have shined a bright light on global poverty in the past year, often highlighting the particular burden on women, but a report from the United Nations released this week painstakingly details the huge gaps in data needed to understand how poverty - in all its ugly guises - affects women.

Africa Regional Meeting Held to Discuss Hormonal Contraception and HIV

The World Health Organization's headquarters and its Regional Office for Africa convened an Africa regional meeting in Nairobi, Kenya, on September 19 to 21, 2005, on the topic of hormonal contraception and HIV acquisition.

U.N.: World's Population Is Aging Rapidly

Half the world's population will live in cities in two years, the U.N. chief said Wednesday, adding that the number of elderly people is rising rapidly, prompting a need for economic and social changes.

Estimation of fertility from the 2001 South Africa Census data

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Fertility in South Africa has been falling for almost four decades. The 2001 South Africa Census offers the opportunity to reflect on this decline, and to assess the trajectory and patterns of fertility in the country, among its population groups and in its provinces. Analysis of the data in the 2001 census shows that fertility among all four main population groups continues to fall, and that the national level of fertility is now below three children per woman. The rate of decline indicated by the estimated levels of fertility is a continuation of the long trend of gradually declining fertility. The 2001 census was the second conducted in a postapartheid South Africa. The first, which was conducted in 1996, is regarded as the most reliable and accurate enumeration of the South African population since that in 1970. The comparison of fertility levels and trends estimated from these two post-apartheid censuses provides valuable checks and comparisons that further enhance our understanding of fertility dynamics in the country.

Ten Years of Democracy in South Africa:Documenting Transformation in Reproductive Health Policy and Status

The advent of democracy in South Africa in 1994 created a unique opportunity for new laws and policies to be passed. Today, a decade later, South African reproductive health policies and the laws that underwrite them are among the most progressive and comprehensive in the world in terms of the recognition that they give to human rights, including sexual and reproductive rights.