The purpose of this document is to describe the concept and key principles of an Equity Gauge, and to provide guidelines for putting the concept and principles into action. GEGA’s ultimate goal in disseminating the document is to contribute to the creation of an effective global alliance of Equity Gauges bound by shared principles and common approaches. Concern about equity in health is not new. International health and development agencies, researchers, and activists have been pointing to inequities in health between different countries, between rich and poor people, between racial/ethnic groups, and between men and women, for many years. Equity was one of the key principles of the 1978 Alma Ata Declaration on Health for All. However, despite evidence of wide and sometimes widening disparities between and within countries on every continent, few countries routinely monitor equity in health, health care, the underlying determinants of health, or the social consequences of illness. Equity is an urgent public health issue today. An Equity Gauge places health equity squarely within a larger framework of social justice. While some health inequalities are inevitable and acceptable (for example, elderly people generally have poorer health than young adults), many health inequalities are avoidable and unjust (for example, lower rates of immunization coverage among girls than among boys, or higher mortality rates among some racial/ethnic groups compared to others). Equity Gauges are concerned with health-related inequalities that are unfair.
Publication Webpage http://www.gega.org.za
A Critical Analysis of the Provision for Oral Health Promotion in South African Health Policy Analysis
Policy development has played a significant role in the health transformation process in South Africa with oral health also being addressed in policy efforts. It is however imperative that systematic health policy analysis accompanies the process of oral health related policy development and planning. This document critically analyses the potential for policy proposals on oral health promotion activities in South Africa to contribute to improved community oral health.
Further details from: Overseas Admissions Tutor Health Education Queens Square House Leeds Metropolitan University Calverley Street Leeds LS1 3HE, UK Tel. +44 113 2831915 Fax +44 113 2831916; E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com