HIV/AIDS in the People's Republic of China
Epidemiologist presents a scientific rationale for focusing on Abstinence & Being Faithful in sub-Saharan Africa
The high prevalence HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa is characterised by close-knit sexual networks that allow the propagation of the virus to large numbers of individuals said epidemiologist David Stanton, who believes that Abstinence, Being Faithful and Condoms-based (ABC) interventions, but especially the A & B parts, are the means to disrupt these networks. Stanton, who serves as the Chief of the Division of Technical Research in the Office of HIV/AIDS at USAID, made a scientific case in support of PEPFARs emphasis on A & B, at the 2006 Implementers meeting in Durban last month.
Leaders in Lesotho have embarked on a revolutionary strategy to reduce the spread and the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic: test everyone for the virus.
High rates of discordant HIV status between people receiving antiretroviral therapy in Uganda and their partners have been reported in two studies presented on Tuesday at the 2006 Implementers Conference of the US Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Durban, South Africa.
Congresswoman Barbara Lee (D-CA) and 53 other members of Congress- introduced a bill today that, if passed, would require all HIV prevention programmes funded by the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) to address violence against women and other factors fueling the rapid spread of HIV infections among women and girls.
With sex the main route of transmission of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, injecting drug users have largely been ignored in HIV/AIDS interventions.
Health Systems Trust
The primary objective of the study was to identify organisations/institutions that provide HIV and AIDS services at the sub-district level, the range of services they provide and their funding sources. This in turn will inform sub-district and district management teams of the progress and impact of services provided and furnish them with tools to monitor the performance and activities on NGOs in their sub-districts and districts. It is hoped that the report will serve as a baseline for ongoing monitoring of the countrys response to the epidemic.
HIV positive women are much more likely to experience anaemia and high blood pressure during pregnancy. They are also more likely to give birth to babies with a lower birth weight and retarded growth, the results of a new study indicate.
South Africa is taking small steps to stop AIDS from wreaking havoc on its key farming sector in a nation with one of the world's heaviest caseloads.
Reduce malaria, worms and bilharzia, make border posts more efficient and HIV rates will drop, argues a US expert. Malnutrition, malaria and bilharzia coupled with weak governments are some of the key factors driving the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa, according to US academic Professor Eileen Stillwaggon.
HIV prevalence among prostitutes and homosexuals who take drugs intravenously is increasing. It is estimated that intravenous drug use accounts for at least 10 percent of all new HIV infections globally and the number of countries reporting HIV among such drug users is growing.