HIV/AIDS in the People's Republic of China

The HIVAIDS Pandemic at 25: The Global Response by Michael H. Merson, M.D.

On June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control reported five cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in young homosexual men in Los Angeles,1 few suspected it heralded a pandemic of AIDS. In 1983, a retrovirus (later named the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV) was isolated from a patient with AIDS.

Progress on AIDS Is Focus of Assembly

UNITED NATIONS, May 30 -- Five years after the United Nations' historic first general assembly on AIDS, the world has seen a huge increase in money and attention going to the 25-year-old epidemic, as well as evidence that the disease has stabilized in many areas and is retreating in more than a few.

A Burden That Will Only Become Heavier

DURBAN, May 28 (IPS) - Researchers say they are bracing for a sharp rise in the cost of public health services in South Africa within the next few years, due to HIV/AIDS. And, they warn that the country's health department might not be able to cope with its ever-growing responsibilities if government fails to increase the department's budget substantially.

AIDS still under-reported

HIV and AIDS in Southern Africa is under-reported, the voices of those most affected are least heard, and the gender dimensions of the pandemic are not well reflected, according to a study released here on World Press Freedom Day, according to a statement.

HIV Testing Helps Reduce the Risk of Aids to Unborn Children

Before 1994, knowledge about HIV and pregnancy was scarce. Evidence suggested that about one-third of babies born to HIV-positive women would be HIV-positive themselves. There was fear that pregnancy might accelerate the development of Aids in women who were HIV-positive but had no symptoms. Most often, HIV testing was offered only to pregnant women considered to be at risk of HIV, or provided at the request of the patient herself.

Boost for Aids programme

Parliament - National government's HIV/Aids health grant to provinces, which funds the antiretroviral (ARV) treatment programme, will increase by over R400 million in the coming financial year. According to the estimates of spending tabled by Finance Minister Trevor Manuel on Wednesday, the grant, which stands at R1.15 billion in the current financial year, will rise to R1.57 billion in 2006/07.

Dramatic fall in Zimbabwe HIV infections

Changes in sexual behaviour are believed to have triggered a striking decline in HIV in eastern Zimbabwe, according to a team of British scientists. Blood tests taken from people across the region show that HIV prevalence has dropped most steeply among the young, with 49% fewer women aged 15 to 24 testing positive and a 23% drop in infections among men of 17 to 29 years old.