Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections for sex workers in low- and middle- income countries

Published by: 
World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) in partnership with UNFPA, UNAIDS, and the Global Network of Sex Work Projects, have developed new guidelines to better protect sex workers from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

 Sex workers in many places are highly vulnerable to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to multiple factors, including large numbers of sex partners, unsafe working conditions and barriers to the negotiation of consistent condom use. Moreover, sex workers often have little control over these factors because of social marginalization and criminalized work environments. Alcohol, drug use and violence in some settings may further exacerbate their vulnerability and risk.

The War on Drugs and HIV/AIDS How the Criminalization of Drug Use Fuels the Global Pandemic

Published by: 
Global Commission on Drug Policy

The global war on drugs is driving the HIV/AIDS pandemic among people who use drugs and their sexual partners. Throughout the world, research has consistently shown that repressive drug law enforcement practices force drug users away from public health services and into hidden environments where HIV risk becomes markedly elevated. Mass incarceration of non-violent drug offenders also plays a major role in increasing HIV risk. This is a critical public health issue in many countries, including the United States, where as many as 25 percent of Americans infected with HIV may pass through correctional facilities annually, and where disproportionate incarceration rates are among the key reasons for markedly higher HIV rates among African Americans.

Forum for the establishment of appropriate services for management and prevention of STDs in South Africa, Workshop proceedings, 25 - 26 September 1997, Johannesburg

Published by: 
Health Systems Trust
Sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing an HIV/AIDS pandemic, made worse by the fact that the region also has some of the highest levels of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the world. In July 1997, the South African HIV/AIDS & STD Directorate of the National Department of Health conducted a National Review of the AIDS/STD situation in the country. Among the priority areas recommended for action was improved STD control. South Africa has the opportunity to learn from the experiences of other countries in Africa. Therefore the Department of Health in partnership with the Health Systems Trust, the Reproductive Health Research Unit and the Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation, convened a meeting with the purpose of determining strategies to prevent and manage STDs The forum had the active participation of people from provincial and National Departments of Health complemented by the experience of both national and international experts.